|Month||Traditional Birthstone(s)||Modern Birthstone(s)|
|February||Amethyst, Hyacinth, Pearl||Amethyst|
|June||Cat's Eye, Turquoise, Agate||Moonstone, Pearl|
|August||Sardonyx, Carnelian, Moonstone, Topaz||Peridot|
|October||Opal, Aquamarine||Opal, Pink Tourmaline|
|November||Topaz, Pearl||Topaz, Citrine|
|December||Bloodstone, Ruby||Turquoise, Zircon, Tanzanite, Blue Topaz|
Often combined with modern birthstone lists, traditional birthstones are older society-based birthstones. Since many different cultures had their own list, jewelers' lists are often inconsistent over what constitutes a traditional birthstone. The table below contains many stones which are popular choices, often reflecting Polish tradition.
The Gregorian calendar has poems matching each month with its birthstone. These are traditionally the stones in English-speaking societies. It is not known whether these verses below originally are of the Gregorian calendar or not. In fact Tiffany & Co. published these poems "of unknown author" for the first time in a pamphlet in 1870.
Gregorian Birthstone Poems
|By her who in this month (January) was born
No gem save garnets should be worn;
They will ensure her constancy,
True friendship, and fidelity.
|The glowing ruby shall adorn,
Those who in July are born;
Then they'll be exempt and free
From love's doubts and anxiety.
|The February-born shall find
Sincerity and peace of mind,
Freedom from passion and from care,
If they an amethyst will wear.
|Wear a sardonyx or for thee,
No conjugal felicity;
The August-born without this stone,
'Tis said, must live unloved and lone.
|Who in this world of ours their eyes
In March first open shall be wise,
In days of peril firm and brave,
And wear a bloodstone to their grave.
|A maiden born when September leaves
Are rustling in September's breeze,
A sapphire on her brow should bind
'Twill cures diseases of the mind.
|She who from April dates her years,
Diamond shall wear, lest bitter tears
For vain repentance flow, this stone,
Emblem of innocence, is known.
|October's child is born for woe,
And life's vicissitudes must know,
But lay an opal on her breast,
And hope will lull those woes to rest.
|Who first beholds the light of day
In spring's sweet flowery month of May
And wears an emerald all her life
Shall be a loved and happy wife.
|Who first comes to this world below
In dreary November's fog and snow,
Should prize the topaz's amber hue,
Emblem of friends and lovers true.
|Who comes with summer to this earth,
And owes to June her hour of birth,
With ring of agate on her hand
Can health, wealth, and long life command.
|If cold December gave you birth,
The month of snow and ice and mirth,
Place on your hand a turquoise blue;
Success will bless whate'er you do.